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Table 3 Feedstock hydrolysates detoxification

From: Ligninolytic enzymes: a biotechnological alternative for bioethanol production

Feedstock Microorganism Enzyme Pretreatment Detoxification Ethanol yield Ref.
   Laccase   71% 0.55  
Wood Trametes versicolor LiP Steam explosion, 205°C for 6 min. 53% 0.40 [9]
   Laccase+LiP   66% 0.47  
Spruce chips Trametes reesei Laccase H2SO4 (0.5%) Steam explosion, 222°C, 23 bar 7 min. 80% 0.47 [10]
     80% 0.43  
Wheat straw Trametes versicolor Laccase Hot liquid water at 180°C, 15psi, 30 min. 65% - [11]
Sugarcane bagasse Trametes versicolor Laccase Steam explosion, 215°C during 10 min. 80% 0.43 [13]
Sugarcane bagasse Cyathus stercoreus Laccase HCl (0.5–3.5% v/v),140°C for 30 min. 77.5% 0.374 [14]
Wheat straw Coriolopsis rigida Laccase H2SO4 (1% w/w), 190°C, 12 bars, 10 min. 75% - [93]
Wheat straw Trametes villosa Laccase Steam explosion, 220°C, 2.5 min. 88-92% - [26]
Rice straw Coltricia perennis Laccase H2SO4 (0.5% w/w), 121°C, 15 min 37-76% - [94]
Wheat straw Trametes versicolor Laccase Ethanol organosolv process, 220°C 120 min 20-90% 0.374g/g [95]
Rice straw Yarrowia lipolytica Laccase H2SO4 (0.5%, w/w) 5 h, steam explosion 121°C 30 min 52%   [96]
   LMS   92%   
Wheat straw Pycnoporus cinnabarinus Laccase Steam explosion 200°C, 10 min - - [97]