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Fig. 2 | Bioresources and Bioprocessing

Fig. 2

From: Investigation of spiral-wound membrane modules for the cross-flow nanofiltration of fermentation broth obtained from a pilot plant fermentation reactor for the continuous production of lactic acid

Fig. 2

The percentage change in the membrane resistance coefficient of each membrane, obtained through the gradient of the system curves of the a, b, and c for every pump head. The values of the gradients are given in Additional file 1: Table S1. The figures allow for the identification of the optimum membrane resistance coefficient vs. pump head ratio for each individual membrane. For example, a 2.51-fold rise in the pump head, from 61 to 153 m, lead to a reduction of the membrane resistance coefficient to 30%, of the membrane DL73, whereas the membrane NP30 only reached 48%

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