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Table 4 Comparison of nutrient removal and biomass and lipid production in microalgae grown in various wastewater conditions

From: Fungal pretreatment of raw digested piggery wastewater enhancing the survival of algae as biofuel feedstock

Microalgal species Wastewater type Nutrient removal Biomass production Lipid content (%) References
Chlorella vulgaris Tertiary municipal wastewater 100% 0.29 g L−1 30 Ji et al. (2013b)
Chlorella vulgaris Piggery wastewater effluent 68% N, 42% P, 1.1 g L−1 Ji et al. (2012)
Chlorella vulgaris Treated domestic sewage 73.77% N, 100% P 7.6 Sydney et al. (2011)
Chlorella sorokiniana Palm oil mill effluent 8.0 mg L−1 day−1 28.27 Putri et al. (2011)
Scenedesmus obliquus Piggery wastewater effluent 26 mg L−1N, 1.9 mg L−1 P 0.18 g L−1 27 Ji et al. (2013a)
Scenedesmus obliquus Tertiary municipal wastewater 100% 0.31 g L−1 27 Ji et al. (2013b)
Scenedesmus obliquus Municipal wastewater 97% N, 98% P 0.41 wt L−1 22 Abou-Shanab et al. (2013)
Scenedesmus sp. Electric factory wastewater 46% N, 100% P 4.5 g L−1 Su et al. (2011)
Scenedesmus rubescens Synthetic wastewater 95.55% P 14.91 Aravantinou et al. (2013)
Nannochloropsis salina Anaerobic digestion effluent 89% N, 82.8% P 155.3 mg L−1 day−1 24.9 Cai et al. (2013)
Nannochloropsis Salina Diluted digester effluent 97% TN 204.12 mg L−1 day−1 32 Sheets (2013)
Nannochloropsis sp. 50% municipal wastewater 2.23 g L−1 59.9 Jiang et al. (2011)
Micratinium reisseri Mine wastewater 97% 0.8 g L−1 17 Ji et al. (2014)
Micractinium reisseri Municipal wastewater 0.26 wt. L−1 19 Abou-Shanab et al. (2013)
Botryococcus braunii Treated domestic sewage 60.02% N, 51.15% P 1.88 g L−1 36.14 Sydney et al. (2011)
Ourococcus multisporus Tertiary municipal wastewater 100% 0.31 g L−1 31 Ji et al. (2013b)
Neochloris vigensis Synthetic wastewater 94.92% P 19.29 Aravantinou et al. (2013)
Chlorococcum spec. Synthetic wastewater 94.34% P 6.93 Aravantinou et al. (2013)
  1. A good review on the research before 2011 about the algal biofuel production using wastewater resources has been made by Pittman et al. (2011)