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Table 1 Cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content in common lignocellulosic feedstocks

From: Recent updates on different methods of pretreatment of lignocellulosic feedstocks: a review

Lignocellulosic feedstocks Cellulose (%) Hemicellulose (%) Lignin (%)
Sugar cane bagasse 42 25 20
Sweet sorghum 45 27 21
Hardwood 40–55 24–40 18–25
Softwood 45–50 25–35 25–35
Corn cobs 45 35 15
Corn stover 38 26 19
Rice Straw 32 24 18
Nut shells 25–30 25–30 30–40
Newspaper 40–55 25–40 18–30
Grasses 25–40 25–50 10–30
Wheat straw 29–35 26–32 16–21
Banana waste 13.2 14.8 14
Bagasse 54.87 16.52 23.33
Sponge gourd fibers 66.59 17.44 15.46
Agricultural residues 5–15 37–50 25–50
Hardwood 20–25 45–47 25–40
Softwood 30–60 40–45 25–29
Grasses 0 25–40 35–50
Waste papers from chemical pulps 6–10 50–70 12–20
Newspaper 12 40–55 25–40
Sorted refuse 60 20 20
Leaves 15–20 80–85 0
Cotton seed hairs 80–95 5–20 0
Paper 85–99 0 0–15
Switch grass 45 31.4 12