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Table 1 Composition of agro-industrial wastes

From: Agro-industrial wastes and their utilization using solid state fermentation: a review

Agro-industrial wastes Chemical composition (% w/w) References
Cellulose Hemicellulose Lignin Ash (%) Total solids (%) Moisture (%)
Sugarcane bagasse 30.2 56.7 13.4 1.9 91.66 4.8 El-Tayeb et al. (2012) and Nigam et al. (2009)
Rice straw 39.2 23.5 36.1 12.4 98.62 6.58 El-Tayeb et al. (2012)
Corn stalks 61.2 19.3 6.9 10.8 97.78 6.40 El-Tayeb et al. (2012)
Sawdust 45.1 28.1 24.2 1.2 98.54 1.12 El-Tayeb et al. (2012) and Martin et al. (2012)
Sugar beet waste 26.3 18.5 2.5 4.8 87.5 12.4 El-Tayeb et al. (2012)
Barley straw 33.8 21.9 13.8 11 _ _ Nigam et al. (2009)
Cotton stalks 58.5 14.4 21.5 9.98 _ 7.45 Nigam et al. (2009)
Oat straw 39.4 27.1 17.5 8 _ _ Martin et al. (2012)
Soya stalks 34.5 24.8 19.8 10.39 _ 11.84 Motte et al. (2013)
Sunflower stalks 42.1 29.7 13.4 11.17 _ _ Motte et al. (2013)
Wheat straw 32.9 24.0 8.9 6.7 95.6 7 Nigam et al. (2009) and Martin et al. (2012)