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Table 1 Bioleaching of metals from PCBs

From: Bioleaching of copper from waste printed circuit boards by bacteria-free cultural supernatant of iron–sulfur-oxidizing bacteria

References Microorganisms Recovery and conditions Characterization of microorganisms
Arshadi and Mousavi (2015) Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans 100% Cu and Ni in 20 days at 8.5 g/L pulp density Mesophiles bacteria
Isildar et al. (2016) Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans and Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans 98.4% Cu in 7 days at 10 g/L pulp density Mesophiles bacteria
Ilyas et al. (2013) Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans and Thermoplasma acidophilum 74% Zn, 68% Al, 85% Cu, 78% Ni in 165 days at 100 g/L pulp density Moderately thermophilic bacteria
Rodrigues et al. (2015) Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans 85% Cu in 8 days at 25 g/L pulp density Moderately thermophilic bacteria
Zhu et al. (2011) Mixed culture of acidophilic bacteria 96.8% Cu in 45 h, 88.2% Al and 91.6% Zn in 98 h at 12 g/L pulp density Mesophiles bacteria
Vestola et al. (2010) Acidithiobacillus sp. and Leptospirillum sp. 100% Cu and Ni in 42 days at 10 g/L pulp density Mesophiles bacteria
Current work Microbial consortium 93.4% Cu in 9 days at 100 g/L pulp density Moderately thermophilic bacteria