Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Fuel ethanol standards for major ethanol producing countries/region.

From: Agricultural byproducts-based biosorbents for purification of bioalcohols: a review

Characteristic EU Brazil USA Canada India
Ethanol content (vol.%) 98.7 99.6 92.1 98.75 99.5
Water content, max. (vol.%) 0.3   > 1 0.1 0.1
Methanol max. (vol.%) 1   0.5   0.3
Inorganic chloride content max. (ppm) 20   40   
Halogen max. (ppm)   1   10  
Acidity (as acetic acid), max. (mg/l) 7 wt% 30 7 30 30
Copper content, max. (mg/kg) 0.1 0.07 0.1 0.1 0.1
pH 6.5–9.0   6.5–9.0   
Density at 20 °C (kg/m3)   791.5 789 789 796
Electrical conductivity max. (μS/m)   500    300
Appearance Clear and bright Clear and impurity free Clear and bright   Clear and bright