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Table 1 Names and structures of the most common fatty acids (Hu et al. 2008; Rodolfi et al. 2009)

From: Integration of biology, ecology and engineering for sustainable algal-based biofuel and bioproduct biorefinery

Symbol Common name Systematic name Structure Mp. (°C)
12:0 Lauric acid Dodecanoic acid CH3(CH2)10COOH 44.2
14:0 Myristic acid Tetradecanoic acid CH3 (CH2)12COOH 52.0
16:0 Palmitic acid Hexadecanoic acid CH3 (CH2)14COOH 63.1
18:0 Stearic acid Octadecanoic acid CH3 (CH2)16COOH 69.6
20:0 Arachidic acid Eicosanoic acid CH3 (CH2)18COOH 75.4
  1. Mp. melting point temperature