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Table 1 Microalgae biofilm systems using different strains and carrier materials

From: Start-up of a nutrient removal system using Scenedesmus vacuolatus and Chlorella vulgaris biofilms

Microalgae species Type of reactor Carrier material Area (m2) Culture medium References
Bothryococcus braunii Algal disk photobioreactor Stainless steel (Algadisk) 0.3 M8-a Blanken et al. (2014)
Chlorella. vulgaris +Fungi Erlenmeyer with submerged matrix Polypropylene spun-tape yarn Medium A Rajendran and Hu (2016)
Scenedesmus dimorphus Horizontal chamber Glass plate 0.09 BG11 Toninelli et al. (2016)
C. vulgaris Membrane photbioreactor Flexi fibre bundles Secondary WWTP effluent Gao et al. (2015)
Bothryococcus braunii Multilayers photobioreactor Glass fibre, polyethilene foam 0.007 Manure WW Shen et al. (2015)
Chlorococcum sp., S. dimorphus, Chlorella prothecoides, S. obliquus Horizontal chamber Stainless steel sheet 0.0019 Modified BBM Shen et al. (2014)
Bothryococcus sp. Rotating algal biofilm reactor     Bernstein et al. (2014)
C. vulgaris Rotating algal biofilm reactor Armid fibre glass, chamois cloth, cotton duct 0.0012 BBM Gross et al. (2013)
S. obliquus, Nitzschia palea Flat plate parallel horizontal photobioreactor Glass slides 18 × 0.004 Synthetic medium developed (CHU-10) Schnurr et al. (2013)
S. obliquus Parallel plate photobioreactor Corrugated polycarbonate sheet 0.5 Primary domastic WW Zamalloa et al. (2013)
C. vulgaris Horizontal chamber Glass slides, membrane filters 0.00197, 0.0069 CMM (Complete mineral medium), MLM (Microelement limiting medium), SLM (sulphur limiting medium), NLM (nitrogen limiting medium) Sirmerova et al. (2013)
S. obliquus Single and multiple layer vertical plate attached photobioreactors Cellulose acetate/nitrate membrane (Algadisk) 0.001 BG-11 Liu et al. (2013)
Isochrysis sp., Tetraselmis suecica, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Nanochloropsis sp. The twin-layer (TL) system (modular PBR) Printing paper-glass fibre nonwoven (twin-layer) 2 × 0.67 Modified f/2 Naumann et al. (2013)
B. braunii Horizontal plate photobioreactor Concrete slab 0.275 BG-11 (Ozkan et al. 2012)
Non identified consortium Rotating algal biofilm reactor Clinoptilolite 0.005–0.00778 Synthetic WW Young (2011)
Microalgae consortium Horizontal flow cell PVC sheet 0.0018 Active sludge effluent, primary WWTP effluent (Boelee et al. 2011)
Chlorella sp. Shaking horizontal growth chamber Polyestyrene 0.0136 Modified BBM Johnson and Wen (2010)
Chlorella sorokiniana, Rastonia basilensis Flat plate, tubular, flat plate, tubulaphoto bioreactorr and algal turf reactor shallow open pond Glass, plexiglass, PVC 0.08, 0.129, 0.048 MSM (mineral salt medium) Muñoz et al. (2009)
Chlorella pyrenoidosa, S. obliquus, Anabaena flosaquae, Synechoccus elongatus, Microcystis aeruginosa Vertical reaction chambers PVC fillers BG-11 Wei et al. (2008)
Amphora sp., Navicula sp., Nitzschia ovalis Vertical tubular reactor PVC bristles Sea water mixed with F/2 medium Silva-Aciares and Riquelme (2008)
C. vulgaris, S. rubescens Twin layers photobioreactor Protan reinforced nitrocellulose membrane—glass fibre fleece (Twin-layer) Modified BG-11 (synthetic 2dary. WW) Shi et al. (2007)
  1. –, not provided; WW, wastewater