Skip to main content

Table 10 Summary of SCB application as adsorbents

From: Sugarcane bagasse: a biomass sufficiently applied for improving global energy, environment and economic sustainability

Nature of bagasse Modification/activation reagent Adsorbate Monolayer adsorption capacity (mg/g) Source
Biosorbent Sulphuric acid Methylene red Abdullah et al. (2005)
Formaldehyde Methylene red
Untreated Methylene red
Biosorbent Untreated Ni2+ 2.234, 2a Alomá et al. (2012)
Activated carbon (AC) Steam Ni2+ 140.85 Krishnan et al. (2011)
Biosorbent (pith) Untreated Ni2+ 73.56
Biosorbent Untreated Gasoline 8.36 mL/g Brandão et al. (2010)
Biosorbent Untreated n-Heptane 2.78 mL/g
Biosorbent NaOH Phosphate 67.5 Carvalho et al. (2011)
Biosorbent NaOH, FeCl2 Phosphate 152
AC ZnCl2 Cr6+ Cronje et al. (2011)
Biosorbent (lignin) NaOH, mono-chloroacetic acid, ethanol, FeCl3.6H2O Brilliant red 2BE 60.3 Da Silva et al. (2011)
Biosorbent Trimellitic acid, pyridine, dimethyl-acetamide Auramine-O 2.492 mmol/g Fideles et al. (2018)
Biosorbent Trimellitic acid, pyridine, dimethyl-acetamide Safranin-T 1.23 mmol/g
Biosorbent Succinic acid Cr6+ Garg et al. (2009)
Biosorbent Succinic anhydride Cu2+ 185.2 Gurgel et al. (2008)
Cd2+ 212.8
Pb2+ 416.7
Biosorbent (mercerised) NaOH, succinic anhydride Cu2+ 185.2 Gurgel et al. (2008)
Cd2+ 256.4
Pb2+ 500.0
Biosorbent (mercerised) NaOH, acetone, 1,3-diisopropyl-carbordiimide, dimethyl-formamide, triethylene-tetramine Cu2+ 69.4 Gurgel and Gil (2009)
Cd2+ 106.4
Pb2+ 222.2
Biosorbent Succinic acid, pyridine Methylene blue 478.47 Gusmão et al. (2012)
Gentian violet 1273.16
Biosorbent Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) dianhydride Methylene blue 202.43 Gusmão et al. (2013)
Gentian violet 327.87
AC Epichlorohydrin, dimethyl-formamide, trimethylamine Nitrate 5.82 Hafshejani et al. (2016)
Biosorbent Untreated Basic violet 10 50.4 Ho et al. (2005)
Biosorbent Untreated Basic violet 1 20.6
Biosorbent Untreated Basic green 4 13.9
Biosorbent H2SO4, NaOH Cd2+ 1.95 mol/kg Homagai et al. (2010)
Pb2+ 1.58 mol/kg
Ni2+ 2.52 mol/kg
Zn2+ 2.40 mol/kg
Cu2+ 2.91 mol/kg
AC (from anaerobically digested SCB) Pb2+ 653.9 mmol/kg Inyang et al. (2011)
AC Steam Chlorine Jaguaribe et al. (2005)
Biosorbent (mercerised) Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) dianhydride, pyridine, acetic anhydride Cu2+ 92.6 Júnior et al. (2009)
Cd2+ 149.0
Pb2+ 333.0
AC ZnCl2 Phenol 12.33 Kalderis et al. (2008)
Biosorbent Untreated Hg2+ 35.71 Khoramzadeh et al. (2013)
AC (Pith) HCl, steam Pb2+ 200.0 Krishnan and Anirudhan (Krishnan and Anirudhan 2002)
Hg2+ 188.68
Cd2+ 153.85
Co2+ 128.70
AC (pith) Steam Cd2+ 24.70 Krishnan and Anirudhan (2003)
Biosorbent Untreated Cu2+ 9.48 Liu et al. (2012)
Biosorbent Untreated Pb2+ 6.366 Martín-Lara et al. (2010)
Biosorbent Sulphuric acid Pb2+ 7.297
Biosorbent (cellulose) Zirconium oxychloride Sulphate 0.4 mol/g Mulinari and Silva (2008)
Biosorbent Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) dianhydride, pyridine, acetic anhydride Zn2+ 102.25 Pereira et al. (2010)
Biosorbent (lignin) Formic acid, NaOH, chloroacetic acid Cd2+ Peternele et al. (1999)
Pb2+
Biosorbent Untreated Methyl red 5.66 Saad et al. (2010)
Biosorbent Phosphoric acid Methyl red 10.96
Biosorbent (with sludge) KOH, HCl, HNO3 Pb2+ 135.54 Tao et al. (2015)
Biosorbent (rind) Immobilised in Ca-alginate Cr3+ 296.21 Ullah et al. (2013)
Cr6+ 495.56
Biosorbent (pith) Immobilised in Ca-alginate Cr3+ 381.05
Cr6+ 767.25
Biosorbent (rind beads) Immobilised in Ca-alginate Cr3+ 303.11
Cr6+ 491.24
Biosorbent (pith beads) Immobilised in Ca-alginate Cr3+ 449.23
Cr6+ 832.13
Biosorbent Pyromellitic dianhydride, FeCl3, FeSO4, EDTA Pb2+ 1.2 mmol/g Yu et al. (2013)
Cd2+ 1.1 mmol/g
Biosorbent Untreated Congo red 38.2 Zhang et al. (2011)
Biosorbent Untreated Rhodamine B 65.5 Zhang et al. (2013)
Basic blue 9 30.7
  1. aExperimental adsorption capacity