Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons of FAB–MFC integrated system with other studies

From: A novel fragmented anode biofilm microbial fuel cell (FAB–MFC) integrated system for domestic wastewater treatment and bioelectricity generation

WW type CODIN (CODEF) CODRE MFC type (PEM) HRT Max. P (I) CE References
Standalone MFC
 Glucose 1200 (24) 98% S-MFC (Nafion) – 262 (−) 55% Liu and Logan (2004)
 Synthetic 1000 (310) 69% S-MFC (Nafion) – 81 (−) 30% Di Lorenzo et al. (2010)
 Swine 6500 (3400) 49% S-MFC (PTFE) 3 days 0.15 (−) 1.0–15% Goto and Yoshida (2019)
 Swine 7500 (3075) 22% S-MFC (No PEM) 0.7 days 750 (1) 23% Kim et al. (2016)
 Brewery 627 (366) 42% S-MFC (Nafion) 2.13 h 264 (1.79) 20% Wen et al. (2009)
 Domestic 400 (140) 65% S-MFC (No PEM) 8.8 h 300 (−) 36% Kim et al. (2015)
 Domestic 220 (44) 80% S-MFC (Nafion) 3–33 h 26 (−) 3–12% Liu et al. (2004)
 Domestic – (–) – D-MFC (Salt bridge) – 0.3 (18) 19% Min et al. (2005)
 Domestic 375 (150) 60% D-MFC (Salt bridge) – 25 (100) 0.25% Rodrigo et al. (2007)
 Domestic 820 (180) 78% D-MFC (Nafion) 14 days 817 (0.55) 32% Bose et al. (2018)
 Domestic 300 (135) 55% S-MFC (Nafion) 78 h 28 (85) 28 Liu and Logan (2004)
 Domestic 108 (37) 66% SE-MFC (Fabric) 6 h 149 (250) 6% Yu et al. (2012)
 Domestic 500 (371) 26% S-MFC (No PEM) 0.2 h 422 (15) 0.7% Ahn and Logan (2010)
 Domestic 299 (87) 71% S-MFC (No PEM) 2 h 103 (420) 18% You et al. (2006)
 Domestic 600 (174) 71% D-MFC (CEM) 0.69 d 180 (−) – Ye et al. (2019)
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (200) 74% MFC-1An (Salt bridge) 1 day
FAB-1An (Salt bridge) 1 day
79 (163) 0.73%
84 (168) 0.69%
This study
This study
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (218) 71% MFC-1A (Salt bridge) 1 day
FAB-1A (Salt bridge) 1 day
78 (161) 0.80%
87 (171) 0.74%
This study
This study
MFC-integrated system
 Brewery 708 (103) 80% IVCW-MFC (No PEM) 2 d − (50) 0.39% Liu et al. (2019)
 Synthetic 1500 (375) 75% VCW-MFC (No PEM) 4 d 16 (70) 0.15% Yadav et al. (2012)
 Pulp 4500 (2970) 66% MBBR-MFC (Nafion) 3 days 96 (185) 0.62% Chen et al. (2019)
 Domestic 537 (17) 97% MBR-MFC (No PEM) 1 day − (−) 0.05% Gajaraj and Hu (2014)
 Domestic 430 (7) 92% MFC-MBR (No PEM) 5 days 51 (0.2) 5.9% Su et al. (2013)
 Synthetic 600 (60) 90% MBR-MFC (No PEM) 2 h 140 (0.52) 7% (Li et al. 2015)
 Domestic 1080 (32) 97% MFC-MBR (No PEM) 3 h 380 (2000)8.5% Malaeb et al. (2013)
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (129) 83% An-MFC-2 (Salt bridge) 2 days
An-FAB-2 (Salt bridge) 2 days
98 (181) 0.80%
104 (187) 0.79%
This study
This study
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (66) 91% An-MFC-3 (Salt bridge) 3 days
An-FAB-3 (Salt bridge) 3 days
70 (153) 0.90%
70 (153) 0.91%
This study
This study
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (100) 87% A-MFC-2 (Salt bridge) 2 days
A-FAB-2 (Salt bridge) 2 days
42 (119) 0.57%
59 (140) 0.47%
This study
This study
 Domestic
 Domestic
755 (39) 95% A-MFC-3 (Salt bridge) 3 days
A-FAB-3 (Salt bridge) 3 days
12 (63) 0.50%
18 (78) 0.39%
This study
This study
  1. WW wastewater, CODIN (CODEF) CODRE COD influent (mg/L), effluent (mg/L) and removal efficiency (%), respectively, Max. P (I) CE maximum power density as mW/m2 (current density, mA/m2) coulombic efficiency (%)
  2. S-MFC single chamber MFC, D-MFC double chambered MFC, SE-MFC submerged-exchangeable-MFC, MFC-1An anaerobic-D-MFC-1, FAB-1An anaerobic-D-FAB–MFC-1, MFC-1A aerobic-MFC-1, FAB-1A aerobic-D-FAB–MFC-1
  3. Bar shows not reported or could not be calculated from the given information; d shows day, h for an hour
  4. PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene, IVCW-MFC integrated vertical flow constructed wetland-MFC, PEM proton exchange membrane, CEM cation; exchange membrane, MBR membrane bioreactor, A-MFC (FAB) aerobic-MFC (FAB), An-MFC (FAB) anaerobic-MFC (FAB), FAB fragmented anode biofilm