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Fig. 1 | Bioresources and Bioprocessing

Fig. 1

From: Applications and analysis of hydrolysates in animal cell culture

Fig. 1

taken from

Schematic of hydrolysate production. Raw materials such as soy, yeast, whey or animal proteins were pretreated with heat to break down the protein. After pH adjustment, the mixture is hydrolyzed in a chamber using enzymes, heat or subjected to extreme pH conditions. This process breaks down the protein into smaller components and releases peptides and amino acids into the solution. The degree of hydrolysis is positively correlated with the length of time in this step. Once the desired degree of hydrolysis is achieved, the mixture is again heated to denature the enzymes, followed by centrifugation and ultrafiltration to remove large insoluble particles and endotoxins. The final product is then pasteurized, spray dried and packaged. Photographs are

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