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Table 1 Production of bacterial cellulose by acetic acid bacteria from pure or crude glycerol as the sole carbon source

From: Production of bacterial cellulose from glycerol: the current state and perspectives

Bacterial strain Growth medium Cultivation mode Medium composition Production metricsa References
Komagataeibacter sucrofermentans DSM15973 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC or 20 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 1.1 g/L citric acid pGLYC 1.9 g/L (0.008 g/L/h)
cGLYC 6.4 g/L (0.027 g/L/h)
Lee et.al. (2021)
K. hansenii ATCC 53582 HS Static 2% pGLYC, 0.5% YE, 0.5% Pep 4.93 g/L (0.068 g/L/h) Li et al. (2021)
K. rhaeticus ENS9a MA/9 Static 20 g/L pGLYC
20 g/L cGLYC
2.6 g/L (0.01 g/L/h)
2.9 g/L (0.01 g/L/h)
Mangayil et al. (2021)
A.senegalensis MA1 HS Static 63 g/L pGLYC, 7.5 g/L YE; 7.76 g/L PEG 6000 469.83 g/L (0.652 g/L/h)b Aswini et al. (2020)
G. xylinus sp. HS Static 20 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep
40 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep
1.5 g/L(0.01 g/L/h)
2.9 g/L (0.02 g/L/h)
Dikshit and Kim (2020)
Komagataeibacter sp.nov
CGMCC 17,276
AE Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 9 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 30 g/L CSL, 0.3% AA, 1.5% Eth;
40 g/L cGLYC 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 30 g/L CSL, 0.7% AA, 0.3% Eth
4.5 g/L (0.05 g/L/h)
6 g/L (0.06 g/L/h)
Lu et al. (2020)
K. hansenii JR-02 HS
modified
Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 2.5 g/L YE, 2.5 g/L Pep 2.4 g/L (0.01 g/L/h) Li et al. (2019)
G. xylinus ATCC 23769 HS Static 30 g/L cGLYC, 16 g/L YE, 4 g/L Na2HPO4, 3.5 g/L succinic acid 0.24 g/L (1.4 mg/L/h) Lins et al. (2019)
A. xylinum sp. HS Static 40 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 1.5 g/L (4 mg/L/h) Wu et al. (2019)
G. xylinus KCCM 41431 HS Static 20 g/L cGLYC, 9 g/L YE, 9 g/L Pep
20 g/L pGLYC, 9 g/L YE, 9 g/L Pep
7.4 g/L (0.041 g/L/h)
7.7 g/L (0.044 g/L/h)
Yang et al. (2019)
Komagataeibacter saccharivorans sp. HS Static 20 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 12.6 g/L (0.08 g/L/h) Gayathri and Srinikethan (2018)
G. xylinus BNKC19 HS Static 10 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 12.3 g/L (0.07 g/L/h) Soemphol et al. (2018)
K. rhaeticus PG2 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep
30 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep
6.9 g/L (0.02 g/L/h)
8.7 g/L (0.02 g/L/h
Thorat and Dastager (2018)
K. xylinus B-12068 HS
modified
Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 3% Eth 23.2 g/L (0.14 g/L/h) Volova et al. (2018)
Komagataeibacter sp. W1 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 1.2 g/L (4 mg/L/h) Wang et al. (2018)
Gluconoacetobacter xylinus DSM46604 Defined, YE containing Shake flasks
agitated
Bioreactor 3L,
agitated/aerated
20 g /L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L (NH4)2SO4,
3 g/L K2HPO4, 0.05 g/L MgSO4
1.43 g/L (0.012 g/L/h)
2.87 g/L (0.024 g/L/h)
Adnan et al. (2015)
Adnan (2015)
Gluconoacetobacter sp. A2 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 1.95 g/L (0.027 g/L/h) Jalili Tabaii and Emtiazi (2016)
K. sucrofermentans DSM 15,973 HS Static 20 g/L cGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 3.2 g/L (0.01 g/L/h) Tsouko et al. (2015)
Acetobacter xylinum AJ3 Defined,YE,peptone containing Static 35 g/L pGLYC,10 g/L
YE, 7.5 g/L Pep,10 g/L Na2HPO4, 10 g/L AA
8.52 g/L (0.044 g/L/h) Al-Shamary and Al-Darwash (2013)
A. xylinum DSMZ-2004 Semidefined, YE, apple extract containing Static 2% pGLYC, 2.5% glucose (apples),0.05% YE, 0.3% (NH4)2SO4, 0.5% citric acid 8.6 g/L (0.026 g/L/h Casarica et al. (2013)
G. intermedius NEDO-01 HS Shake flasks rotating
Bioreactor 5L,
agitated/aerated
20 g/L cGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 25 g/L CMC 1.3 g/L (0.01 g/L/h)
3.4 g/L (0.034 g/L/h)
Kose et al. (2013)
G. sucrofermentans CECT 7291 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 2.7 g/L Na2HPO4, 1.15 g /L citric acid 2.0 g/L (0.0064 g/L/h) Santos et al. (2013)
G. xylinus CGMCC 2955 Defined Shake flasks
agitated
25 g/L pGlyc, 3 g/L Na2HPO4, 1 g/L KH2PO4, 5 g/L (NH4)2SO4, 0.02 g/L MgCl2, 0.02 g/LCaCl2, 0.0015 g/L paraaminobenzoic acid 6.05 g/L (0.050 g/L/h) Zhong et al. (2013)
G. sacchari sp. HS Static 20 g/L cGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 0.1 g/L (0.1 mg/L/h) Carreira et al. (2011)
G. persimmonis GH-2 HS Bioreactor 5L,
agitated/aerated
20 g/L pGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 2.47 g/L (0.013 g/L/h) Hungund and Gupta (2010a)
Enterobacter amnigenus GH-1 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep 1.2 g/L (0.004 g/L/h) Hungund and Gupta (2010b)
Acetobacter sp. V6 HS
modified
Shake flasks agitated 2% pGLYC, 1.6% YE, 0.4% Na2HPO4, 0.35% succinic acid 4.98 g/L (0.030 g/L/h) Jung et al. (2010)
G. xylinus ATCC 53,524 HS Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 2.7 g/L Na2HPO4,
1.15 g /L citric acid
3.75 g/L (0.039 g/L/h) Mikkelsen et al. (2009)
Gluconacetobacter sp. RKY5 HS
optimized
Static
Shake flasks agitated
15 g/L pGLYC, 8 g/L YE, 3 g/L K2HPO4, 3 g/L AA 4.59 g/L (0.032 g/L/h)
5.63 g/L (0.039 g/L/h)
Kim et al. (2006)
G. xylinus ATCC 10,245 HS Static 10 g/L pGLYC,5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 2.7 g/L Na2HPO4, 1.15 g/L citric acid   Keshk and Shameshima (2005)
A. xylinum DA YPD Static 20 g/L pGLYC, 5 g/L YE, 5 g/L Pep, 2.7 g/L Na2HPO4
, 1.15 g /L citric acid, 20 g/L AA
3.83 g/L (0.016 g/L/h) Toda et al. (1997)
A.xylinum IFO 13,693 HS
modified
Shake flasks agitated 0.5% pGLYC,0.5% YE, 2% Pep,0.1% MgSO4,0.2% Eth 4.84 g/L (0.067 g/L/h) Masaoka et al. (1993)
  1. CMC carboxymethyl cellulose, HS Hestrin–Schramm medium, YPD yeast extract–peptone–glucose medium, AE acetate ethanol medium, MA/9 unoptimized minimal medium, pGLYC pure glycerol, cGLYC crude glycerol, YE yeast extract, Pep peptone, Eth ethanol, AA acetic acid, CSL corn steep liquor
  2. aBC concentration at the end of cultivation (specific productivity: increase in concentration on average per hour)
  3. bBoth expressed in wet weight