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Table 8 Preliminary identification and distribution of the subcomponents of the aquatic and ethyl acetate extracts by GC–MS

From: In vitro assessment of multipotential therapeutic importance of Hericium erinaceus mushroom extracts using different solvents

Compound predicted RT (min) MW Molecular formula Ethyl acetate Area
%
Water Area
%
Application
2-amino-3-phenyl-6-nitroindole 13.73 253 C14H11N3O2 0 + 18 Anaphylactic reactions in animals (Grinev et al. 1983)
Quercetin 28.08 344 C18H16O7 + 12 + 10 Treatment of Gastrointestinal Cancers (Mirazimi et al. 2022)
1-hexadecanol,2-methyl 29.66 256 C17H36O + 2.5 0 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, hemolytic (Ouyang et al. 2012)
1-Eicosanol 29.79 298 C20H42O + 18 0 Antioxidant, antimicrobial (Chatterjee et al. 2018)
Quercetin-7,3,4-trimethoxy 30.21 344 C18H16O7 + 1 + 6 Antioxidant, antimicrobial (Materska 2008)
Isochiapin B 30.79 346 C19H22O6 + 1 0 Anti-insect, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities (Elkhateeb et al. 2020)
17-pentatriacetontene 32.08 490 C35H70 + 1 0 Anti-inflammatory Anticancer Antibacterial Antiarthritic (Kumar et al. 2018)
Oleic acid ester 32.96 610 C39H76O3 + 3 0 Antioxidant, antiproliferative (Elagbar et al. 2016)
Lucenin-2 33.01 610 C27H30O16 + 2 + 7 Anti-inflammatory (Kim et al. 2016b)
10-Nonadecanone 35.97 282 C19H38O + 6 0 Not available
Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester 36.98 270 C17H34O2 + 7 0 Antioxidants, hypocholesterolemia, nematicide, and pesticide (Siswadi and Saragih 2021)
1-Eicosanol 38.28 298 C20H42O + 11 0 Antibacterial, antitumor (Chatterjee et al. 2018)
1-Tricosanol 41.90 340 C23H48O + 5 0 Antimicrobial (Tayade et al. 2013)
Oleic acid, eicosyl ester 42.64 562 C38H74O2 0 + 2 Larvicidal (Gurunathan et al. 2016)
Total 14    12   5