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Table 1 Summary of the types and comparison results of ATPS from literature reviews

From: Current applications of different type of aqueous two-phase systems

No. Type of ATPS Recovery yield PF Purity Fold Selectivity/separation efficiency Reference
1. PEG 20,000/dextran T500 87–95 %      (Ng et al. 2013)
2. PEG 10,000/Na2SO4 98 % 2.3 2 % 100   (Kornmann and Baer 2008)
3. PEG 4600/ammonium sulphate 89 %    1000   (Hayenga and Valex 2002)
4. PEG 6000/sodium sulphate and potassium phosphate (dibasic) >99.5 %      (Bhambure et al. 2013)
5. PEG 8000/phosphate     7.01   (Mohamed Ali et al. 2014)
6. Poly (ethyleneglycol)/poly (acrylate)/salt >95 %      (Matos et al. 2014)
7. EOPO copolymer/ammonium sulphate 99 %    13 % 76 % (Show et al. 2011)
8. EOPO copolymer/potassium phosphate 99 % 14     (Show et al. 2012)
9. EOPO coplymer/phosphate 82–97 %     97.7 % (Chen et al. 2014)
10. EO50PO50/K2HPO4 71 % 3.3 ± 0.36     (Dembczynski et al. 2010)
11. Alcohol/salt 74.6 % 16.2     (Lin et al. 2013)
12. Alcohol/salt 96.7 % 11.6    343.2 (Amid et al. 2012)
13. MAATPE (ethanol/ammonia sulphate + microwave-assisted extraction, MAE) 92.09 ± 0.14 %      (Zhang et al. 2015)
14. PEG 150-COOH/dextran 93 % 1.9   60 11 (Rosa et al. 2007)
15. PEG/ammonium sulphate, reactive red 120 as free ligand 50.6 %     80–90 % (Ling et al. 2010)
16. [C4mim]Cl(IL)/salt      80–90 % (He et al. 1082)
17. [C2mim][CF3SO3]; [C4mim][CF3SO3]; [C4mim][Tos]; [C4mim][N(CN)2]; [P4444]Br; [P4441][CH3SO4]; [Pi(444)1][Tos]; and [P4444]Cl (ILs)/inorganic salt Al2(SO4)3 and organic salt K3C6H5O7.H2O      98 % (Ferreira et al. 2014)
18. Cholinium-based ionic liquid—ILs (or salts) and tetrahydrofuran 90.0 ± 0.7 %    130.1 ± 11.7   (Souza et al. 2015)
19. Cationic surfactant (DTAB) and an anionic surfactant (DPDS)      72 % (Weschayanwiwat et al. 2008)
20. Sucrose, D−(+)−maltose, D−(+)−glucose, D−(+)−mannose, D−(+)−galactose, D−(+)−xylose, L−(+)−arabinose, and D−(−)−fructose/acetonitrile 91 %      (de Brito et al. 2013)
21. Galactomannan and hydroxypropyl starch, reppal PES 200/PEG 40,000 83 % 3     (Antov et al. 2006)