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Table 12 Increase in free pigments (DHP) in the hydrolysis of carotenoid esters from the marigold flower

From: Hydrolysis of carotenoid esters from Tagetes erecta by the action of lipases from Yarrowia lipolytica

Source of lipasesb Test Mg/kga % of total pigmentsa
Esters MHP DHP Esters MHP DHP
A 1 75.87 (0.02) 7.84 (0.06) 2.36 (0.02) 88.2 (0.04) 9.1 (0.06) 2.7 (0.03)
2 83.65 (1.44) 8.03 (0.45) 2.53 (0.13) 88.8 (0.56) 8.5 (0.56) 2.7 (0.11)
3 75.38 (0.06) 6.96 (0.07) 2.80 (0.07) 80.0 (0.98) 7.4 (0.10) 3.0 (0.04)
Avg 78.30 7.61 2.56 85.7 8.3 2.8
B 1 76.47 (1.93) 5.93 (0.50) 2.23 (0.10) 90.3 (0.80) 7.0 (0.65) 2.6 (0.15)
2 70.57 (0.20) 8.26 (0.10) 1.95 (0.06) 87.4 (0.15) 10.2 (0.09) 2.4 (0.07)
3 70.61 (0.14) 7.94 (0.29) 2.23 (0.03) 87.4 (0.51) 9.8 (0.38) 2.8 (0.02)
Avg 72.55 7.38 2.14 88.4 9.0 2.6
C 1 72.43 (0.13) 5.99 (0.21) 1.44 (0.08) 90.7 (0.29) 7.5 (0.24) 1.8 (0.09)
2 72.39 (0.69) 6.05 (0.08) 1.51 (0.09) 90.7 (1.25) 7.6 (0.11) 1.9 (0.10)
3 71.48 (0.06) 6.62 (0.08) 1.42 (0.11) 89.5 (0.50) 8.2 (0.18) 1.8 (0.13)
Avg 72.10 6.22 1.46 90.3 7.8 1.8
  1. aData are presented as mean (SD) with n = 3
  2. bA—Yarrowia lipolytica; B—Rhizopus oryzae; C—Blank