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Table 1 Comparison of 1,3-propanediol production by microbial consortia and single strain

From: Advances in industrial microbiome based on microbial consortium for biorefinery

Inoculum Fermentation type Glycerol type 1,3-PD (g/l) Yield (mol/mol) References
Pure culture of single strain
 Klebsiella pneumoniae DSM 4799 Fed-batch Raw 80.20 0.54 Jun et al. (2010)
 Klebsiella oxytoca M5al Fed-batch Pure 83.56 0.62 Yang et al. (2007)
 Citrobacter freundii FMCC-B 294 Fed-batch Raw 68.10 0.48 Metsoviti et al. (2013)
 Clostridium butyricum AKR102a Fed-batch Raw 93.70 0.63 Wilkens et al. (2012)
 Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 Fed-batch Pure 65.30 0.81 Jolly et al. (2014)
Mixed culture of microbial consortia
 Organic soil Batch Raw 3.76 0.65 Liu et al. (2013)
 Wheat soil Batch Pure 1.71 0.69 Selembo et al. (2009)
 Sludge Batch Raw 15.21 0.51–0.76 Dietz and Zeng (2014)
  Fed-batch Raw 70.00 0.52–0.56  
 Granular sludge Continuous Pure 10.74 0.52 Gallardo et al. (2014)
 Marine sludge Batch Pure 81.40 0.63 Xiu et al. (2015)
  Fed-batch Pure 72.15 0.70  
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