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Table 4 Typical composition and global availability of agricultural residues.

From: Agricultural byproducts-based biosorbents for purification of bioalcohols: a review

Agricultural residues Non-wood fibers annual production (million tons) Chemical composition of non-wood lignocellulosic biomass
Cellulose (%) Hemicellulose (%) Lignin (%)
Barley straw 51.3 33.3–42 20.4–28.0 17.1
Corn stover/straw 376.8 35.0–42.6 17.0–35.0 7–21
Oat straw 10.4 37.6 23.34 12.85
Rice straw 657.5 32.0–47.0 18.0–28.0 5.5–24.0
Sorghum straw 12.0 32.4 27.0 3.9
Wheat straw 472.2 33.0–45.0 20.0–32.0 155.8–212.5
Sugarcane bagasse 1044.8 45.4 28.7 474.3
Oil palm biomass 63.9 35.8–56.0 21.9–44.0 22.9–35.8
Canola meal 46.7 26.4 (cellulose + lignin) 6.3