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Table 3 Production system, characteristic properties and application of xylanase from different microorganisms

From: A detailed overview of xylanases: an emerging biomolecule for current and future prospective

Microbes Substrate Fermentation MW (kDa) Optimum Stability Metal activator Application References
Temperature (°C) pH Temperature (°C) pH
Bacteria
 Bacillus altitudedinus Sorghum straw SmF 98 50 8 35–70 3–10 Ca, Mn, K, Na, Fe Deinking of waste hand-written paper pulp Adhyaru et al. (2017)
 Paenibacillus barengoltzii Birch wood xylan, beechwood xylan, oat-spelt xylan SmF 116 60 6.5 20–65 4–11 Mg, Ca, Ba, Co XOS production Liu et al. (2018)
 Burkholderia sp. DMAX Wheat Bran SmF 50 8.6 30–50 6–9 Co, Na, Ba, Mg, K Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass Mohana et al. (2008)
 Bacillus licheniformis Wheat Bran SmF 46 60 9 30–100 4–11 Fe, Mn
Mg, Zn
Ca, Ni
Kraft pulp bio-bleaching Raj et al. (2018)
 Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis NASTPD13 Beech wood xylan SmF 37 65 9 30–65 6–9 Thermo-alkaline stable xylanase suitable for industrial application Yadav et al. (2018)
 Pediococcus acidilactici GC25 Oatmeal SmF 48.15 40 7 20–50 2–9 K, Ba, Cd, Co, Sr, Mg, Ca, Al, Zn, Ni Clarification of fruit juice Adiguzel et al. (2019)
 Pseudomonas boreopolis LUQ1 Wheat Bran SmF 20 65 6 55–75 5–9 Thermo-alkali stable xylanase for industrial application Lin et al. (2017)
 Geobacillus sp. Strain DUSELR13 Corncob, beechwood SmF 45 75 7 50–85 5–9 Cu, Zn, K, Fe, Ca, Zn, Mg, Na Ethanol Generation Bibra et al. (2018)
Actinomycetes
 Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3) Birch wood Xylan SmF 23 40 7 20–70 5–11 Na, Cu, Co, Fe, Zn, Mg, Mn Pretreated biomass hydrolysis for bioethanol production Sanjivkumar et al. (2017)
 Streptomyces thermovulgaris TISTR1948 Beech wood xylan SmF 46.2 65 6.5 50–70 4–11.5 Ca, Co, Mn XOS production Boonchuay et al. (2016)
 Kitasatospora sp Sugarcane bagasse SmF 49.3 50 5 30–80 4–7 Zn, EDTA XOS production Rahmani et al. (2019)
 Actinomadura sp. strain Cpt20    20.11 80 10 60–90 5–10 Mn, Ca, Cu Paper and Pulp Industry Taibi et al. (2012)
Fungus
 Trichoderma longibrachiatum KT693225 Rice straw SSF 60 5 30–60 3–10 Textile processing efficient desizing and bioscouring, El et al. (2018)
 Trichoderma viride VKF3 Rice bran, sugarcane bagasse, coconut oil cake, groundnut oil cake, neem oil cake SSF 14 50 7 25–50 3–9 Zn, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ca Bio-bleaching of newspaper Nathan et al. (2017)
 Trichoderma piluliferum Wheat bran SSF 50 4.5 30–60 3–10 Additives for bovine feeding da Costa et al. (2019)
 Humicola insolens Y1 wheat bran SmF 44 70–80 6–7 40–80 5–10   Brewing Industries and XOS generation Du et al. (2013)
 Pichia stipitis corn cob wheat bran SSF 31.6 50 6 40–60 3.0–11.0 Cu, K XOS generation Ding et al. (2018)
 Fusarium sp Wood shaving SSF 25–55 4–9 Paper and pulp bleaching Adesina et al. (2017)
 Thermomyces lanuginosus wheat bran SmF 47.9 7.3 30–65 3.0–10.0 Mg, Na, K Fermentable sugar production, pulp bleaching Kumar and Shukla (2018)
 Thermoascus aurantiacus Wheat Bran SmF 31 75 5 30–80 2–10 Mn, Ag Ping et al. (2018)
 Schizophyllum commune ARC-11 Rice straw SSF 55 5 30–65 4–7 Na, K, Ca Kraft pre-bleaching Gautam et al. (2018)
 Aspergillus oryzae LC1 Rice straw SmF 35 25 5 25–60 3–10 Fe, Ag, Mg, Mn, Co Hydrolysis of Agro-residues and XOS Production Bhardwaj et al. (2017, 2019)
  1. SmF, submerged fermentation; SSF, solid-state fermentation; XOS, xylooligosaccahrides