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Table 3 Chemical composition (%) of some major natural lignocellulosic fibres

From: Fibre attributes and mapping the cultivar influence of different industrial cellulosic crops (cotton, hemp, flax, and canola) on textile properties

Composition (%) Cottona Jutea Hempa b Flaxa b Kenafa b Canolac Cattaild
Cellulose 83–99 51–78 55–68 64–84 44–60 61.3 42.61
Lignin 6 10–15 3.5–5.5 0.6–5 15–19 5.2 5.75
Pectin and Hemicelluloses 5 37 17 17–19 17–23 _ 36.46
  1. a (Kozlowski 2012a); b (Bonatti et al., 2004); c (Tofanica et al., 2011); d (Sridach and Paladsongkhram, 2014)