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Table 2 Comparison of the efficacy of solvents for PM phytochemical extraction

From: Biocompatible natural deep eutectic solvent-based extraction and cellulolytic enzyme-mediated transformation of Pueraria mirifica isoflavones: a sustainable approach for increasing health-bioactive constituents

Solvents Yields (mg/g extract) Total MI and DMI (mg/g extract)
PUE DZ GT DZe GTe
ChCl:PG (1:2) with cellulolytic enzymes 138 ± 2.42a 0.919 ± 0.33a 0.669 ± 0.03a 69.1 ± 1.17a 3.13 ± 0.07 9.11 ± 0.82a
ChCl:PG (1:2) without cellulolytic enzymes 106 ± 7.48b 18.8 ± 1.57b 13.2 ± 1.32b 18.5 ± 1.84b ND 6.44 ± 0.39b
Water 26.1 ± 0.26c 4.61 ± 0.05c 1.31 ± 0.02a 4.36 ± 0.06c ND 0.531 ± 0.104c
50% ethanol 8.72 ± 0.15d 0.754 ± 0.02c 0.684 ± 0.03a 1.97 ± 0.05d ND 1.18 ± 0.10c
80% ethanol 14.9 ± 0.20d 3.03 ± 0.04c 1.60 ± 0.01a 2.34 ± 0.08c, d ND 1.87 ± 0.12d
Absolute ethanol 10.5 ± 0.19d 2.01 ± 0.02c 1.16 ± 0.05a 1.47 ± 0.04d ND 9.05 ± 0.84a
  1. The same and different letters indicate nonsignificant and significant differences in extractive yields, respectively. Statistical significance was determined by one-way ANOVA, followed by LSD (p < 0.05). ND not detectable