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Table 3 Cell growth improvements (%) of probiotics compared with the commercial FOS (Nutraflora P95)

From: Transformation of sugarcane molasses into fructooligosaccharides with enhanced prebiotic activity using whole-cell biocatalysts from Aureobasidium pullulans FRR 5284 and an invertase-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae 1403-7A

Incubation time—strain Molasses FOS—3 h Molasses FOS—9 h Sucrose FOS—3 h Sucrose FOS—9 h Molasses Synthetic molasses Glucose Sucrose
12 h—L. arabinosus QUT 0367 9.3 1.9 0.0 − 9.3 − 24.1 − 57.4 − 40.7 − 68.5
12 h—L. plantarum QUT 0783 17.9 5.4 5.4 − 1.8 − 33.9 − 53.6 − 21.4 − 69.6
12 h—L. fermentan QUT 0872 30.9 3.6 7.3 − 5.5 − 21.8 − 47.3 − 12.7 − 43.6
12 h—L. casei QUT 0873 18.5 7.4 1.9 0.0 − 18.5 − 44.4 − 22.2 − 53.7
12 h—L. acidophilus QUT 0953 45.5 9.1 9.1 − 11.4 − 9.1 − 40.9 − 4.5 − 50.0
12 h—L. fermentum QUT 0954 62.9 8.6 2.9 2.9 0.0 − 28.6 − 8.6 − 57.1
12 h—L. fermentum QUT 0974 37.2 11.6 0.0 − 9.3 − 34.9 − 53.5 0.0 − 48.8
12 h—L. fermentum QUT 1057 28.2 4.2 -8.5 − 21.1 − 36.6 − 47.9 − 7.0 − 53.5
12 h—Bacillus H57 18.2 0.0 1.8 − 3.6 − 20.0 − 70.9 − 41.8 − 74.5
24 h—L. arabinosus QUT 0367 18.5 6.2 3.1 0.0 − 15.4 − 41.5 − 12.3 − 46.2
24 h—L. plantarum QUT 0783 9.7 0.0 0.0 − 6.9 − 18.1 − 25.0 − 19.4 − 55.6
24 h—L. fermentan QUT 0872 21.7 2.9 4.3 − 8.7 − 20.3 − 36.2 − 13.0 − 29.0
24 h—L. casei QUT 0873 9.9 1.4 1.4 − 4.2 − 16.9 − 36.6 − 16.9 − 39.4
24 h—L. acidophilus QUT 0953 14.9 -1.5 1.5 − 7.5 − 29.9 − 35.8 − 7.5 − 35.8
24 h—L. fermentum QUT 0954 24.6 4.6 0.0 − 4.6 − 32.3 − 32.3 − 10.8 − 47.7
24 h—L. fermentum QUT 0974 11.1 1.6 3.2 − 7.9 − 36.5 − 38.1 − 7.9 − 42.9
24 h—L. fermentum QUT 1057 18.8 2.5 -1.3 − 15.0 − 26.3 − 31.3 − 8.8 − 21.3
24 h—Bacillus H57 11.7 1.3 1.3 − 2.6 − 16.9 − 50.6 − 23.4 − 41.6