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Table 1 Characteristics of raw, inoculum, and influent wastewater (mean ± SD)

From: A novel fragmented anode biofilm microbial fuel cell (FAB–MFC) integrated system for domestic wastewater treatment and bioelectricity generation

Parameters Raw wastewater Inoculant Inoculum
pH (−) 7.51 ± 0.07 6.43 ± 0.06 6.97 ± 0.03
Total alkalinity (mg/L as CaCO3) 35 ± 21 144 ± 15 130 ± 42
Total solid (mg/L) 158 ± 29 3277 ± 416 2894 ± 83
Volatile solid (mg/L) 366 ± 59 1559 ± 211 1347 ± 60
Total COD (mg/L) 755 ± 160 9760 ± 551 5782 ± 50
Ammonia-N (mg/L) 35 ± 9 272 ± 41 168 ± 21
Total phosphorus (mg/L) 9 ± 3 31 ± 11 17 ± 5