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Table 1 Bioactive compounds of fruits and vegetables waste

From: Valorization of fruits and vegetables waste through green extraction of bioactive compounds and their nanoemulsions-based delivery system

Categories (Phytochemicals)Metabolites/compoundsSourcesReferences
PhenolicsFerulic acids, tryptophane, p-coumaric acids, cyclodopa-glucoside derivativesRed beet peelsKujala et al. (2000)
Flavonol glycosides, anthocyanins, catechins, stilbenesGrapes pomaceSchieber et al. (2001)
Ferulic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acidApple peelsLeontowicz et al. (2007)
Epicatechin, catechin, cyanidin 3-glucoside, gallic acid
Chlorogenic acid
Blueberry peelsDeng et al. (2012)
Catechin, galangin, homogentisic acidGuava peels
Gallic acid, kaempferol, cyanidin 3-glucosideGuava seeds
Cyanidin 3-glucoside, catechin, chlorogenic acid, homogentisic acidAvocado stones
Epicatechin, gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, catechin, cyanidin 3-glucoside, homogentisic acid, protocatechuic acid, -p-hydroxybenzoic acidGrapes seeds
Hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid-O-glucoside, caffeoylputrescine, di-ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, coumaric acid-o-glucosideGarlic peelsKallel et al. (2014)
Gallic, sinapic, caffeic, myricetin, ferulic, ellagic acidPurple star apple peelsMoo-Huchin et al. (2015)
Ellagic acid, gallic acid, punicalin, punicalagin
Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, p-coumaric acid
Pomegranate peels
Different citrus varieties peels
Živković et al. (2018)
Wang et al. (2008)
Delphinidin-3-rutinoside-5-glucoside, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, delphinidin-3-rutinoside, malvidin-3-rutinoside-5-glucoside, petunidin-3-rutinosideEggplant peelsFerarsa et al. (2018)
FlavonoidsNaringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, diosmin, luteolin, sinensetin, rutin, kaempferol, quercetinDifferent citrus varieties peelsWang et al. (2008)
Carotenoidsα-carotene, β-caroteneCarrot pomaceSchieber et al. (2001)
Lycopene
β-carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein, β-cryptoxanthin
Neochrome, lutein, β-cryptoxanthin, β-citraurin, luteoxanthin, cryptochrome, ξ-carotene
Tomato seeds
Different citrus varieties peels
Different citrus varieties peels
Rozzi et al. (2002)
Wang et al. (2008)
Agócs et al. (2007)